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Shin Splints

Shin splints are caused by inflammation of the periostium of the tibia, and are common in athletes whose sports involve a lot of running. They typically occur when the force of the lower leg muscles causes friction on the periostium, resulting in inflammation and sharp shin pain.

Symptoms

  • Pain on the inside of the shin
  • Pain that eases as exercise is continued
  • Pain when toes or foot are bent downward
  • Lumps or bumps on the inside of the shin bone

Treatment

  • Resting and icing the area of the injury
  • Applying heat prior to exercise to reduce pain
  • Wearing proper footwear
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs or painkillers
  • Physical therapy

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