A sprain is caused by the stretching or tearing of ligaments, the tissues that attach bone to bone. A strain occurs when muscles or tendons are stretched or torn. Tendons are the fibrous tissues that connect muscles to bone. Sprains or strains occur throughout the body, but tend to be prevalent near joints.
- Swelling and bruising
- Pain in affected area
- Tenderness in or around affected area
- Not capable of weight-bearing activities
- R.I.C.E. (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) method
- Anti-inflammatory medication when necessary